Fatalities & Injuries

DCI-Palestine has been documenting Palestinian child fatalities and injuries at the hands of the Israeli military and settlers in the Occupied Palestinian Territory since September 2000.

Fatalities

Since 2005, six major military offensives in Gaza have killed at least 1,000 Palestinian children.

In the West Bank, child fatalities generally occur in the context of military incursions, demonstrations against Israeli settlements or the separation barrier, or as a result of settler attacks against Palestinian children.

In Gaza, the majority of child fatalities are the result of Israeli attacks and full-scale offensives, which cause a high number of civilian casualties. Some are the result of indiscriminate shooting at the Gaza border fence.

Injuries

Like fatalities, injuries in the West Bank occur as a result of military incursions, demonstrations and settler violence.

Injuries are frequently sustained when children are arrested, transferred and detained in interrogation centers or prisons.

In Gaza, injuries are most commonly the result of flying shrapnel produced by Israeli strikes or shooting at the border fence.

What We Do

DCI-Palestine works to bring an end to all child fatalities and injuries by holding perpetrators to account, influencing public policy and presenting evidence and documentation to international bodies such as agencies of the United Nations.

Settler Violence

Israel’s policy of establishing and expanding settlements, military zones and other Israeli-controlled areas across the Occupied Palestinian Territory has been in place since the military occupation began in 1967.
Settlements are permanent civilian communities established in the Occupied Palestinian Territory open only to Jewish residents. They are illegal according to international law. It is estimated that around 200 settlements now cover approximately 42 percent of land in the West Bank.

In 2013, estimates put the number of Israeli settlers living in the occupied West Bank, including East Jerusalem, between 500,000 and 550,000.

Settlements have a destabilizing effect in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, with many built close to Palestinian communities on confiscated privately-owned land. Settlements and their related infrastructure fragment the Palestinian territory, restricting Palestinians’ movements and access to land.

Some settlers subscribe to ultra-nationalistic ideals, believing that land incorporated in the Occupied Palestinian Territory is a religious inheritance for the Jewish people, and that it should form part of a national Jewish homeland. This belief frequently manifests itself in violence toward the Palestinian population.

Settler attacks usually entail groups of Israeli men throwing stones at Palestinians, often including children, or vandalizing property, such as homes, cars, churches, mosques and schools. More serious attacks including physical beatings are also common.

Throughout 2013, DCI-Palestine documented at least 31 settler attacks that targeted Palestinian children.

The presence of settlers, and the Israeli military that protects them, has created a dangerous environment for all Palestinians. Settler violence particularly impacts vulnerable demographics within Palestinian communities, such as children.

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Complicity of the Israeli Military

Despite an ongoing increase in settler violence against Palestinians in the occupied West Bank, including East Jerusalem, Israeli authorities have consistently failed to adequately investigate complaints filed against settlers.

Under Article 4 of the Fourth Geneva Convention, Israel has an obligation to protect the Palestinian population.

Yesh Din, an Israeli human rights group, found in a report in July 2013 that over 90 percent of investigations between 2005 and 2013 looking into settler violence were eventually dropped without indictments.
Israeli soldiers frequently fail to intervene in confrontations to ensure that civilians are not harmed. DCI-Palestine has also documented cases where soldiers have actively participated in settler attacks against civilians.

In 2013, five Palestinian children were killed by Israeli soldiers.

Soldier Violence

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Military Offensives

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